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Can Weight Loss Slow Prostate Cancer?

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The Link Between Weight Loss and Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects men. While there are various treatment options available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy, recent research suggests that weight loss may also play a role in slowing the progression of prostate cancer.

The Impact of Obesity on Prostate Cancer

Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of developing prostate cancer and a higher likelihood of the cancer progressing to an advanced stage. This is believed to be due to the hormonal changes and inflammation that occur in the body as a result of excess weight.

A study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology found that men who were overweight or obese at the time of their prostate cancer diagnosis had a higher risk of recurrence and mortality compared to those who were at a healthy weight. The study also showed that losing weight after diagnosis could improve outcomes.

How Weight Loss Can Slow Prostate Cancer

Weight loss can have several beneficial effects on prostate cancer. Firstly, losing weight can help reduce inflammation in the body, which is associated with the growth and spread of cancer cells. By reducing inflammation, weight loss may slow down the progression of prostate cancer.

Secondly, weight loss can improve insulin sensitivity and reduce insulin-like growth factors in the body. This is important because insulin-like growth factors can promote the growth of cancer cells. By losing weight, men with prostate cancer can potentially lower their levels of these growth factors and inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Furthermore, weight loss can also lead to a decrease in estrogen levels. High estrogen levels have been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer and more aggressive forms of the disease. By losing weight, men can lower their estrogen levels and potentially slow down the progression of prostate cancer.

How to Achieve Weight Loss

If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer and are interested in incorporating weight loss into your treatment plan, it is important to do so under the guidance of your healthcare team. They can provide personalized recommendations based on your specific needs and medical history.

A combination of a healthy diet and regular exercise is typically recommended for weight loss. Focus on consuming a balanced diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Limit your intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and saturated fats.

In terms of exercise, aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week. Additionally, incorporate strength training exercises at least twice a week to build muscle and support weight loss.


While weight loss alone may not be a cure for prostate cancer, it can certainly have a positive impact on the progression of the disease. By reducing inflammation, improving insulin sensitivity, and lowering estrogen levels, weight loss may help slow down the growth and spread of prostate cancer cells. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, consider discussing weight loss with your healthcare team to determine if it is a suitable addition to your treatment plan.

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